Investing is broad, but necessary, category in a person’s personal finance world. Leaving your savings in just cash never made much sense nevertheless at today’s rates. Investing is often thought about in terms of buying stocks, but it is more than that, you could invest in an insurance based product, real estate, a business, yourself, etc.
Dividend Growth Investing is a great strategy to build wealth and passive income over a long period of time. I’m a firm advocate that one doesn’t need to be a guru to be a successful investor and that do-it-yourself dividend investing is a solid way to go. Dividend-paying companies as a group, and especially the dividend aristocrats, tend to be mature and stable cash-generating business that provide their shareholders with safe and growing passive income. So, I love seeing people roll up their sleeves and build a dividend portfolio.
Evan from here at My Journey to Millions has given me, Dividend Monk, the opportunity to add my two cents regarding his dividend portfolio. In doing this, I will first post my thoughts regarding his selection criteria, and then I will provide my thoughts regarding his individual dividend selections.
Selection Criteria for Dividend Paying Stocks
Evan listed his criteria clearly,
1. First I listed all the Dividend Aristocrats.
2. Then I cut all those stocks whose P/E ratio was either in line, equal or
worse as compared to the industry standard.
3. Next I looked at yield and
4. Lastly, I looked at Price to Book.
The first step, sticking to a list of the dividend aristocrats, was a smart move. There are plenty of great dividend-paying companies outside of this noble list, but for someone who is just starting out in the field of picking individual dividend stocks, limiting the list to the aristocrats keeps the
process safer and more streamlined.
Price to Earnings Ratio
After that, he compared the P/E ratio of the companies to their respective industries. I think this was also quite good. It excludes a number of companies that might make some great investments, but that’s ok. With a low P/E ratio, one wants to be a little bit careful. If the P/E is low, it could be a sign that the company is less valuable than its peers, but on the other hand, it could simply be a good company at an undervalued price.
Next, he looked at dividend yield. While one certainly doesn’t want to chase yield alone, as he pointed out early on, one does want to have a significant dividend yield in a portfolio centered around dividends. That’s the whole point, afterall. So everything seems in check here.
Price to Book Ratio
Lastly, Evan looked at the price to book ratio. I can’t say I agree with the way he went about this one. He was given the advice to look for a price to book ratio of close to 1. At one time, this was common practice among value investors, but as times changed and companies have changed, a price to book ratio close to 1 is not very common in many types of businesses.
Companies that need a lot of assets to produce income (as was common a while back) will have a better chance of having a low price to book ratio. Companies that need few assets to produce earnings, and instead rely on things like service or patents will tend to have higher price to book
ratios. So basically, comparing P/B ratios across the board is comparing apples to oranges.
For some examples, manufacturing and insurance companies will generally have lower price to book values while healthcare and software companies will generally have higher price to book values. The good news is that including the price to book ratio may have excluded several high-debt companies from his final list.
One wants to be cautious of companies with large amounts of debt. If a company has high debt, its price to book ratio will usually be skewed very high, and if its liabilities exceed assets, its price to book won’t even be computed (as the result will be negative). So by sticking to companies with a low price to book, he increased his chances of attaining companies with clean balance sheets.
If I were to go about it like this, instead of comparing price to book ratios across the board, I would compare price to book ratios on an industry-relative basis like he did with the P/E ratio.
Other Valuations When Building a Dividend Portfolio
There are other critera when considering dividend paying stocks such as long term debt to equity (LT Debt/Equity). The lower the number, the less leveraged the company is in debt. I prefer to buy low debt companies, since they are better at surviving when economic downturns occur, and have more options available to them when it comes to expanding their business. It also shows management prudence.
Despite missing a few metrics, Evan took into account a few key ratios and values. Next, I will look into his actual portfolio.
Dividend Monk is a Personal Finance Blogger who believes in the power of dividend paying stocks to create wealth. Check out his site to read his great stock analysis, or just subscribe to his feed like I do.